From the systematic review of the literature, three context–mechanism–outcome configurations were formed that describe how and why motivational interviewing works and for whom it works best. and reported following the RAMESES publication standards . However, there is a lack of understanding as to how motivational interviewing works, who it works best for, and under what circumstances it works best. Conducting a Realist Review on the Use of Motivational Interviewing for Adolescent Health Behaviors, Realist-informed review of motivational interviewing for adolescent health behaviors, Political Science and International Relations, CCPA – Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Book Review: Doing Realist Research edited by Nick Emmel, Joanne Greenhalgh, Anna Manzano, Mark Monaghan and Sonia Dalkin. Depression symptoms and emerging adults’ gender are hypothesized moderators. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. Please note that some file types are incompatible with some mobile and tablet devices. The findings are discussed in line with the SDT. Realist search reports poorly differentiate between the different search components. You can request the full-text of this article directly from the authors on ResearchGate. We conducted a realist scoping review in which we searched Cochrane, Medline, PsycNET, Google Advanced Search, National Health Service (NHS) Evidence and NHS Health Scotland from inception until August 2020. Realist Synthesis: An Introduction: This paper presents an introductory overview of realist synthesis as applied to the review of primary research on healthcare systems. Future research should focus on the impact of high theoretical health coaching interventions on opioid usage. To answer these questions, a realist review was performed using self-determination theory as the candidate theory to be tested, as it is the leading theory of explaining the efficacy of motivational interviewing. Eleven studies met our inclusion criteria (n = 4,516 participants). The motivation enhancement system (MES) is a brief counseling intervention that uses motivational interviewing communication strategies to build intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy for self-management. For the present review, motivational interviewing for adolescent health behavior change is the chosen intervention of study. Researchers and practitioners have not decided on a single definition of HNHC patients, those high-need patients for whom high costs are potentially preventable or modifiable. Methods: It is unclear when and why medication reviews performed by pharmacists in primary care for people who return from hospital to the community lead to beneficial outcomes. Sleep quality decrease in adolescents can impact their daily performance, especially in learning. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. A rapid review speeds up the systematic review process by omitting stages of the systematic review making it less rigorous. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and PsychINFO) were searched, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. undertook a realist review to supplement a Cochrane review of school feeding programmes. Furthermore, indirect effects from psychological control to all technological addictions through need frustration were also found. Ch 8 - Conducting Cost Realism Analyses ... efficient and effective review. Conclusions: At the end of this experiment, we will have empirical evidence to support a large-scale, multisite effectiveness trial of an intervention package that has been optimized for older adolescents and emerging adults with poorly controlled T1D. However, the application of this interviewing strategy within the realist evaluation studies is underutilized. respects, realist review is a way of adding rigour and structure to what has been called the ... be gone through in conducting a review (Cochrane Reviewers’ Handbook, 2004). Participants will complete 3 study visits: baseline, treatment end at 2 months, and a follow-up at 6 months. The primary outcome is metabolic control, which will be measured via HbA1c. The review identifies outcomes, which are the identified changes the intervention aims to achieve (positive or negative); mechanisms, which are the psychological or behavioral changes that that lead to outcomes; and the contextual factors (e.g., setting or clinician characteristics) that allow for mechanisms to be produced. This case study describes the process of conducting a specific type of systematic review and synthesis called realist review. A tightly focused research question allows the parameters of the review to be identified and the study selection criteria to be defined in advance, and in turn limits the amount of evidence required to address the review question. The ‘realist interviewing technique’, whereby interviewees comment on a suggested ‘program theory’ to provide refinement, is proposed as a distinctive approach for conducting interviews in a realist-informed inquiry. A similar Results: A total of 20 participants have enrolled and completed a qualitative interview after reviewing one or more intervention components. Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. In addition, this systematic review investigated the effects of health coaching on pain intensity, physical function, and quality of life. We were guided by the five steps for conducting a realist review outlined by Pawson et al. Please choose from an option shown below. Using Pawson's five stage sequence for conducting realist reviews, the results are presented as a set of identified and refined context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) configurations. Ethical considerations of conducting systematic reviews in educational research are not typically discussed explicitly. Results: This study aimed, Although technological addictions, similar to other behavioural addictions, share psychosocial risk factors with substance-related addictions, the studies on the interplay between contextual and personal variables in the prediction of technological addictions are still limited. However, there is a lack of understanding as to how motivational interviewing works, who it works best for, and under what circumstances it works best. Rapid Realist Review goes one step further than Landscape Scans to analyze patterns of relationships among contexts, mechanisms and outcomes. Review teams often conduct a single "big bang" multipurpose search to fulfill multiple functions within the review. Systematic reviews are a type of review that uses repeatable analytical methods to collect secondary data and analyse it. Objective A realist synthesis was undertaken to develop a theory of what works, for whom, why and under which circumstances when pharmacists conduct medication reviews in primary care for people leaving hospital. First, we switched to an auditing process during Step 2 of the analysis to make our process more efficient. International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/20191. We will use the mixed-effects linear model for the analysis of variance of a factorial design to analyze continuous longitudinal experimental data; the generalized linear model will be used with categorical outcomes (eg, treatment attendance). The subject matter of the interview is the researcher’s theory and interviewees confirm, falsify, and refine this theory. Many recent studies also analyze and suggest more efficient and reliable ways to assess the quality of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies. Mutschler, C., Naccarato, E., Rouse, J., Davey, C., & McShane, K. (2018). Mann-Whitney test found that the p value for the mean difference of the questionnaire's total score to excess weight is 0.783.Conclusion: There was no correlation between the quality of sleep to excess weight in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta. A total of 186 students from classes of 2015, 2016, and 2017 with age between 16-18 years old underwent weight and height measurements, determination of BMI and nutritional status using the CDC BMI-for-age chart, as well as filling the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire to assess the quality of sleep.Results: The prevalence of overweight was found by 20.43% (14.52% categorized as overweight, 5.91% categorized as obese) with a median value of the questionnaire 40.00 (23.00 to 58.00). Previous research has indicated that motivational interviewing is an effective intervention for improving health behaviors in adolescents. Principles for Conducting Critical Realist Case Study Research in Information Systems Donald E. Wynn University of Dayton, firstname.lastname@example.org ... followed by a review of the epistemological tenets of critical realism and how these are derived from and intertwined with its ontological assump- We undertook a rapid realist review (RRR) to examine why M&E efforts undertaken by local health departments do … Sign into your Profile to find your Reading Lists and Saved Searches. SDT constructs of intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, and the quality of the patient-provider relationship (ie, relatedness) are hypothesized mediators. All eleven studies utilized only one of the constructs, brief motivational interviewing. There is conflicting and very low quality of evidence that brief motivational interviewing may or may not be more effective than education to reduce opioid usage. There is very low quality of evidence that brief motivational interviewing is more effective than educational monthly diaries to reduce opioid use. Realist review has emerged as a strategy for synthesising evidence and focuses on providing explanations for why interventions may or may not work, in what contexts, how and in what circumstances . We considered trials if they included any of the four defined key constructs of health coaching adopted in this review: motivational interviewing, positive psychology, the transtheoretical model, and self-determination theory Independent reviewers screened and selected studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias using Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB2) and quality of evidence using Grading, Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). It includes a focused literature review using a template for data extraction followed by a data validation process with knowledge users and stakeholders. Conventional systematic review methodology [12, 13] emphasises the need for review questions to be precisely formulated. need for autonomy may offer a route to improving diabetes outcomes by increasing feelings of responsibility for and control over diabetes self-management activities. These building blocks create context–mechanism–outcome configurations that make up the realist theory. A realist review is a type of systematic review used for synthesizing research on health and social interventions in which it is unclear how an intervention produces intended outcomes or not. Realist-informed review of motivational interviewing for adolescent health behaviors. These building blocks create context–mechanism–outcome configurations that make up the realist theory. There is very low to low quality of evidence that brief motivational interviewing is not more effective than no behavioral intervention to reduce opioid use at 6 months follow-up, treatment as usual (TAU) to improve overdose risk behaviors, and TAU to improve physical and psychological health. Emerging adults’ focus on individuation and independence underlies their poor diabetes outcomes, offering a lever for behavior change. Mixed studies review/mixed methods review Refers to any combination of methods where one significant component is a literature review (usually systematic). One direct approach is to identify the patients with the highest costs during a historical time period, but no consensus has been reached … The experiment was powered to detect the main effects of the intervention on the primary outcome. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The clinical trial will be launched in the fall 2020, with participants enrolled through May 2023 and data collection continuing through November 2023. to investigate the relationship of overweight nutritional status with sleep quality in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta.Method: This cross-sectional design study was done in two public senior high schools in the South Jakarta. Within a review context it refers to a combination of review approaches for example combining quantitative with qualitative research or outcome with process studies. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04066959; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04066959 Using a sample of 482 adolescents (200 males) with an age range between 14 and 17, path analyses showed that both parental psychological control and need frustration predicted all the technological addictions examined. All rights reserved. For example, Greenhalgh et al. Pawson and Tilley suggest a unique strategy for conducting qualitative interviews within realist evaluation studies. We identified that five methods of connection from primary care to community‐based physical activity opportunities had been evaluated. Deviations from our protocol in conducting our realist review. If you encounter a problem downloading a file, please try again from a laptop or desktop. The review is registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) databased as CRD42019136201. Whilst the Cochrane review provided evidence that feeding … Background Medication reviews for people transitioning from one healthcare setting to another potentially improve health outcomes, although evidence for outcome benefits varies. Realist review does not provide simple answers to complex questions. This involved an auditor checking the work of … Systematic Reviews, 7(1), 109. There is no direct evidence related to the effect of health coaching on opioid reduction. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Secondary outcomes include diabetes management and diabetes clinic attendance. Many reviews employ a system similar to that developed by the Cochrane Handbook for assessing bias in interventional studies (Section 8.5, Table 8.5a). The review will be conducted following Pawson’s five practical steps for conducting a realist review . We followed the methods as outlined in our protocol18 with a few exceptions. (AHRQ) The methods of conducting rapid reviews varies widely, and are typically done in less than 5 weeks. During the evaluation process, disclosure of proprietary offeror information must This case study describes the process of conducting a specific type of systematic review and synthesis called realist review.
2020 conducting a realist review